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Pengaruh Senam Aerobik Low Impact Terhadap Perubahan Tekanan Darah Lansia Hipertensi | Ferawati | Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan MAKIA

Pengaruh Senam Aerobik Low Impact Terhadap Perubahan Tekanan Darah Lansia Hipertensi

Autor(s): Ferawati Ferawati, Fatimatus Zahro, Ulfa Hardianti
DOI: 10.37413/jmakia.v10i2.105

Sari

ABSTRAK

Orang lanjut usia seringkali mengeluhkan masalah kesehatannya, salah satu keluhan adalah tekanan darah yang tinggi atau yang disebut Hipertensi. Hipertensi merupakan peningkatan tekanan darah >140/90 mmHg. Hipertensi yang tidak terkontrol dapat mennyebabkan stroke dan gagal jantung. Aktivitas fisik pada lansia dapat membantu menurunkan hipertensi, salah satunya adalah senam. Pengobatan non-farmakologis dengan melakukan senam aerobik low impact merupakan salah satu alternatif pengobatan Hipertensi karena karena akan terjadi rileksasi dan dapat menyebabkan vasodilatasi pembuluh darah sehingga tekanan darah menurun. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh senam aerobik low impact terhadap perubahan tekanan darah pada lansia dengan Hipertensi di Posyandu Lansia Desa Campurejo Kabupaten Bojonegoro.

Jenis penelitian adalah Pra eksperimental dengan rancangan penelitian one grup pretest-posttest. Penelitian dilakukan di Posyandu Lansia Dusun Mlaten Desa Campurejo Kabupaten Bojonegoro. Subjek penelitian adalah lansia di posyandu lansia di Desa Campurejo yang mengalami hipertensi sebanyak 30 orang. Teknik sampling dengan purposive sampling. Instrument yang digunakan yaitu Spignomanometer dan stetoskop. Analisa data menggunakan uji t berpasangan (paired t test).

Hasil Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Tekanan darah sistole sebelum senam aerobik low impact rata-rata dengan tekanan darah 162,19 mmHg dan diastole dengan rata-rata tekanan darah 92,09 mmHg. Tekanan darah sistole setelah senam aerobik low impact rata-rata dengan tekanan darah 155,91 mmHg dan diastole dengan rata-rata tekanan darah 88,31 mmHg. Hasil uji analisis dengan paired t test didapatkan nilai asymp. Sig (2-tailed) 0,000 (p <0,05) untuk tekanan darah sistolik dan 0,000 (p <0,05) untuk tekanan darah diastolik. Pemberian senam Aerobic Low Impact efektif terhadap penurunan tekanan darah lansia Hipertensi di posyandu lansia di Desa Campurejo Kabupaten Bojonegoro.

 

Kata Kunci : Hipertensi, Tekanan Darah, Senam aerobik low impact, Lansia

 

ABSTRACT

Elderlypeople often complain about their health problems, and one of the problems is over pressure in their blood called hypertension. Hypertension is a blood pressure >140/90 mmHg is often experienced by the elders. Uncontrolled hypertension can cause complications of stroke or heart failure. Physical activity in the elderly can help reduce hypertension, one of which is gymnastics. Non-pharmacology treatment by doing low impact aerobics gymnastics is one between so many alternative hypertension treatment, because there will be relaxation and its can caused vasodilation of the blood vessel that can cause drop in blood pressure. The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of low impact aerobic gymnastics on the changes of blood pressure in the elderly with hypertension in The elderly medical center in Campurejo village, Bojonegoro.

The study was a Pre experimental research design with one group pretest-posttest. The study was conducted in The elderly medical center Mlaten, Campurejo village, Bojonegoro. The research subject is the elders in the elderly medical center in Campurejo Village who experienced with hypertension as much as 30 people with purposive sampling. The research instrument were a measuring instruments spigmomamometer and stethoscope. The data were analyzed by using paired t-test.

The results before the implementation of low impact aerobic gymnastics of moderate intensity, the average systolic blood pressure was 162,19 mmHg and the average diastolic was 92,09 mmHg in blood pressure. After the implementation of low impact aerobic gymnastics of moderate intensity, the average systolic blood pressure was 155,91 mmHg and the average diastolic was of 88,31  mmHg in blood pressure. With analysis of test results paired t test get result asymp. Sig (2-tailed) 0,000 (p<0,05) for systolic blood pressure and for diastolic pressure. Giving aerobic low impact exercise effectively lowers blood pressure in people with hypertension.

 

Keywords : Hypertension, Blood Pressure, Low Impact Aerobic Gymnastic, Elderly

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