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Pengaruh Self Help Group Terhadap Tingkat Harga Diri Keluarga Dengan Penderita Skizofrenia Di Poli Jiwa Puskesmas Kalitidu | Julianto | Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan MAKIA

Pengaruh Self Help Group Terhadap Tingkat Harga Diri Keluarga Dengan Penderita Skizofrenia Di Poli Jiwa Puskesmas Kalitidu

Autor(s): Errix Kristian Julianto, Yusuf Efendi
DOI: 10.37413/jmakia.v10i2.106

Sari

ABSTRAK

Self Help Group merupakan kelompok-kelompok termasuk orang dengan ikatan bersama yang secara sukarela datang bersama-sama untuk berbagi, menjangkau dan belajar satu sama lain dalam lingkungan yang terpercaya, mendukung dan terbuka (Knight, 2014). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah Menganalisis pengaruh Pengaruh Self Help Group  Terhadap Tingkat Harga Diri Keluarga Dengan Penderita Skizofrenia Di Poli Jiwa Puskesmas Kalitidu

Desain penelitian ii menggunakan Pre eksperiment dengan pendekatan one group pre-posttest design. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah Seluruh keluarga penderita Skizofrenia di PKU Jiwa Kalitidu yang berjumlah 32 dengan teknik total sampling diperoleh 32 responden. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner Harga diri. Kemudian penelitian ini dianalisa menggunakan wilcoxon sign rank.

Dari hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lebih dari sebagian responden mempunyai tingkat harga diri rendah yaitu terdapat 18 (56,2%) responden sebelum di beri self help group sedangkan setelah diberikan Self Help group menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar responden mempunyai harga diri tinggi yaitu terdapat 25 (78,1%)  responden. Berdasarkan uji statistik dengan menggunakan SPSS uji Wilcoxon  Signed Ranks antara nilai pre test dan post test menunjukkan bahwa kondisi responden sebelum dan setelah dilakukan intervensi dengan self help group pada harga diri dengan  nilai uji wilcoxon  sebesar 0, 001 dengan nilai kesalahan sebesar   < 0,05.

Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan ada pengaruh dari Self Help Group terhadap harga diri  keluarga dengan penderita depresi di poli jiwa puskesmas kalitidu Bojonegoro. Diharapkan para keluarga dengan penderita depresi di poli jiwa puskesmas kalitidu bojonegoro tetap aktif dalam mengikuti kegiatan Self Help Group di poli jiwa puskesmas kalitidu bojonegoro sehingga keluarga mampu meningkatkan harga diri.

 

Kata Kunci       : Self Help Group, Harga diri, Skizofrenia

  

ABSTRACT

Self Help Groups are groups including people with common ties who voluntarily come together to share, reach out and learn from each other in a trusted, supportive and open environment (Knight, 2014). The purpose of this study was to Analyze the effect of Self Help Group Influence on the Self-Esteem Level of Family with Schizophrenia Patients in Psychiatric Poly at Puskesmas Kalitidu.

This research design uses Pre experiment with one group pre-posttest design approach. The population in this study were all families of Schizophrenics in PKU Kalitidu Mental, amounting to 32 with a total sampling technique obtained by 32 respondents. The instrument used was the self-esteem questionnaire. Then this study was analyzed using Wilcoxon sign rank.

From the results of the study showed that more than a few respondents had low levels of self-esteem, there were 18 (56.2%) respondents before being given a self-help group while after being given a Self-Help group showed that most respondents had high self-esteem ie there were 25 (78 , 1%) of respondents. Based on statistical tests using the SPSS Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test between the pre test and post test values indicate that the condition of respondents before and after intervention with self help groups on self-esteem with Wilcoxon test values of 0, 001 with an error value of <0.05.

Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that there is an effect of the Self Help Group on the self-esteem of families with depressed patients at the mental health clinic of Bojonegoro kalitidu. It is expected that families with depression sufferers at the Kalitidu Bojonegoro mental health clinic remain active in participating in the Self Help Group activities in the mental health clinic at Kalitidu Bojonegoro so that families are able to increase self-esteem

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Keywords         : Self Help Group, Self-Esteem, Schizophreni

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