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Pengaruh Self Help Group Terhadap Kemampuan Keluarga Dalam Merawat Klien Skizofrenia Di Poli Jiwa Puskesmas Kalitidu | Efendi | Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan MAKIA

Pengaruh Self Help Group Terhadap Kemampuan Keluarga Dalam Merawat Klien Skizofrenia Di Poli Jiwa Puskesmas Kalitidu

Autor(s): Yusuf Efendi, Errix Kristian Julianto
DOI: 10.37413/jmakia.v10i2.107

Sari

ABSTRAK

Diera perkembangan jaman saat ini, beberapa keluarga dihadapkan dengan permasalahna tentang adanya angggota keluarga yeng mengaami gangguan jiwa, tak jarang keluarga tidak mengetahui bagaimana merawat angota keluarga dengan gangguan jiwa. Self help group pada keluarga dengan gangguan jiwa perlu dilakukan untuk membantu keluarga mengatasi permasalahannya yang diselesaikan bersama dalam kelompok. Manfaat yang didapatkan pada terapi ini adalah terdapatnya peningkatan pengetahuan keluarga tentang Skizofrenia. Peningkatan pengetahuan ini akan berdampak terhadap kemampuan keluarga dalam merawat klien Skizofrenia..

Desain penelitian ini menggunakan desain pre eksperimental dengan rancangan one group pre-posttest design. Sampel pada penelitian ini adalah keluarga penderita Skizofrenia di PKU Jiwa Kalitidu yang berjumlah 32. . Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner kemudian dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji Wolcoxon sign dengan tingkat kemaknaan 0,05.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kondisi responden sebelum dan sesudah dilakukan intervensi dengan self help group pada kemampuan merawat dengan  nilai uji wilcoxon sebesar 0,001 yang berarti ada pengaruh dari intervensi self help group dengan merawat keluarga dengan gangguan jiwa.

 

Kata Kunci       : Self Help Group, Kemampuan Merawat, Skizofrenia

  

ABSTRACT

. In the current era of development, some families are faced with problems about family members who suffer from mental disorders, often families do not know how to care for family members with mental disorders. Self help groups for families with mental disorders need to be done to help families overcome the problems that are solved together in a group. The benefit of this therapy is that there is an increase in family knowledge about Schizophrenia. This increase in knowledge will have an impact on the ability of families to care for Schizophrenia clients.

The design of this study used a pre-experimental design with one group pre-posttest design. The sample in this study was the families of Schizophrenics in  Kalitidu public helath centre, amounting to 32.. Data were collected using a questionnaire and then analyzed using the Wolcoxon sign test with a significance level of 0.05.

The results showed that the condition of the respondents before and after the intervention with self help group on the ability to care for Wilcoxon test value of 0.001, which means there is an influence of self help group intervention by caring for families with mental disorders.

 

Keywords: Self Help Group, Caring Ability, Schizophrenia

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